«Peñón Colorado» area or place of «Almegíjar», located in the town of Alfacar, is located next to the road leading from the village of Víznar to Fuente Grande. This road goes near the Arab «Aynadamar» ditch, and is in that area where the work to the historical verification to the location of a pit used for the execution and burial of people during the first months of the Civil War.

HISTORICAL REVIEW

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At one o'clock on the afternoon of 16 August 1936, less than a month after the military uprising that shook Granada and started the Spanish Civil War, the poet and dramatist Federico García Lorca was arrested at the house of his friends the Rosales brothers, members of the fascist Falange Party.


Fotografía histórica perteneciente al álbum familiar del General nestares
Sancho Davila and Fernandez de Celis, Jefe Territorial of Falange in Andalusia, visit the area of Alfacar-Víznar, on July 5th, 1937

Just thirteen hours later, in the early morning of the 17th, he was executed in an inhospitable part of the Alfaguara mountain range belonging to the municipality of Alfacar. Long-running feuds with another branch of his family, caused by old quarrels over land, money and local politics, lay in the past. That branch of the family supported the military uprising. After having been harassed at their home on the outskirts of Granada, the Huerta de San Vicente, Lorca and his family decided that he would be safer in the house of his friend Luis Rosales, whose brother, José, was a founder of the Falange in Granada. Lorca stayed there for several days until, on that fateful 16 August, he was arrested and taken to the Civil Government by three people including Juan Luis Trescastro, who was one of his father's cousins and a confidant of the rival family branch. Some time before ten o'clock, several Assault Guards, who would also take part in the murder, transferred Lorca to Víznar, a village near the front line and the headquarters of the First Battalion of the Falange, under the command of Captain José María Nestares.

Zona de la intervención arqueológica
Caracolar area or Llanos de Corbera, close to the Peñón Colorado.

From there he was taken to the military outpost known as the Colonia, an old flour mill where the Assault Guards who were to make up the firing squads would spend the night, and, after a few hours waiting there for one member of the firing squad to arrive, he was taken just a few hundred metres away to a place beneath the Peñón Colorado mountain where the Falangist troops trained and, more exactly, to the spot where several shallow wells had been dug decades earlier in order to find water to feed the nearby irrigation channel known as Aynadamar, built many centuries before by the Arabs. The search for water had come to nothing, and the wells would now be used as mass graves.
These wells were described in detail by the Falangist journalist Eduardo Molina Fajardo in his work on the poet's death. In the 1970s, three of the Assault Guards took Captain Nestares' son, the now retired General Fernando Nestares, to the spot where Lorca was buried, and Molina Fajardo also collected the testimonies of other people who had witnessed the events, testimonies that have been verified and point to the wells as the site of the graves. A local painter, Manuel Maldonado, painted a watercolour of the spot, including the three wells. In 1989, the town council of Alfacar started to level the land in this area in order to build a football pitch. Lorca's own sister managed to stop the work with the help, internationally, of the New York Times and, nationally, by sending letters to the President of the Regional Government of Andalusia, Manuel Chaves, and the Mayor of Alfacar in which she explained that her brother's body was located in that place together with those of many Socialist militants. The work was stopped but, unfortunately, the lay of the land had already been changed, with the original surface and therefore the wells buried now under many metres of earth

Working close to the Peñón Colorado..

After two campaigns spent studying the terrain, carried out by professional experts in the different disciplines relating to the search for mass graves, we are now trying to carry out a third and final phase of archaeological excavation aimed at locating and marking out the limits of the wells. In order to carry out these definitive works in the difficult economic climate affecting Spain, we are turning to world-wide crowdfunding because we know that García Lorca is a universal figure who transcends the familiar and the local. At the same time, locating Lorca's remains and those of the schoolmaster and two bullfighters who were with him that fateful night will help to fill a historical gap and may shed further light on the circumstances surrounding his murder. Finally we wish to underline that it is not acceptable that mass graves containing the remains of citizens murdered in the Spanish Civil War should still exist, citizens who remain buried under fields and in ravines, as if they were wild animals, and are not given a dignified burial.

To help us by crowdfunding is available this bank account

ASOCIACIÓN CULTURAL REGRESO CON HONOR

IBAN ES93 2038 7413 5230 0040 6902

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